Pollutant Effluent and the Environment

Bodies of water such as lakes, rivers and oceans all have a limited capacity to process polluted effluents discharged from industrial, agricultural and expanding urban uses. Furthermore, water quality degradation can be a major cause of water scarcity.

Water pollution has a devastating effect on wildlife and humans. It has even been suggested that water pollution is one of the main causes of death and disease and is responsible for thousands of deaths per day around the world.

The EU has devised the Water Framework Directive (WFD), designed to achieve “good water status” in all European waters by 2015. All Member States have to ensure that a coordinated approach is adopted to meet with the overall objectives. Some of the objectives of the WFD are as follows:

  • To provide for enhanced protection and improvement of the aquatic environment by reducing / phasing out of discharges, emissions and losses of priority substances.
  • To promote sustainable water use based on long-term protection of available water resources.
  • To provide for sufficient supply of good quality surface water and groundwater as needed for sustainable, balanced and equitable water use.
  • To protect and enhance the status of aquatic eco systems.

The VVF Technology can play a key role in meeting the guidelines set down in the Water Framework Directive. Using the VVF Technology can reduce the amount of industrial discharge by recycling the process water. It can also reduce the amount of pollution and particulate matter being introduced back into the environment upon discharge.

The license granted for discharge is 10 suspended solids (S/S) mil-grams per litre. Once the filter has been fitted readings of 3 S/S mg per litre can be achieved on a constant basis. Before the installation readings were close to or just above the limit.